International Research Team Releases Rye Genome Sequence

An international team of researchers from the International Rye Genome Sequencing Group (IRGSG) and their collaborators from 14 countries led by the IPK Leibniz Institute in Germany has released the genome sequence of rye, a distinctly climate-resistant cereal plant that is of considerable importance for Germany and north-eastern Europe. Rye …

International team first to successfully stack virus resistance plus iron and zinc biofortification in a non-cereal crop

An international team of scientists has successfully developed cassava with high-level resistance to cassava mosaic disease (CMD), cassava brown streak disease (CBSD), as well as higher levels of iron and zinc. This is the first time that disease resistance and multiple biofortification traits have been stacked in this manner in …

Overexpression of plasma membrane proton pump gene in rice promotes less fertilizer use

Japanese researchers from Nagoya University, in partnership with Nanjing Agricultural University, developed a method to increase simultaneously the nutrient uptake through the roots and stomatal opening of rice paddy to increase its yield with less use of fertilizer. The researchers created a new variety of field-grown rice paddy with an …

Cyanobacteria could revolutionize the plastic industry

Cyanobacteria produce plastic naturally as a by-product of photosynthesis—and they do it in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way. Researchers at the University of Tübingen have succeeded for the first time in modifying the bacteria’s metabolism to produce this plastic in quantities to be used industrially. Around 370 million tons …

CSIRO “gene sandwich” to boost wheat resistance to rust

Researchers at Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) have led an international effort to develop wheat plants with a stronger and potentially more durable level of resistance against rust diseases by “stacking” five resistance genes together. This novel approach of building multiple layers of protection will make it …

University of Florida study uncovers vanilla DNA mystery

University of Florida scientists led by tropical plant geneticist Dr. Chambers co-led the generation of a “chromosome-scale” sequencing of vanilla DNA. Four vanilla species were sequenced from a collection of more than 300 varieties established at the Homestead research facility. The sequencing project provided genetic information that lays the groundwork …