Overexpression of plasma membrane proton pump gene in rice promotes less fertilizer use

Japanese researchers from Nagoya University, in partnership with Nanjing Agricultural University, developed a method to increase simultaneously the nutrient uptake through the roots and stomatal opening of rice paddy to increase its yield with less use of fertilizer. The researchers created a new variety of field-grown rice paddy with an …

CSIRO “gene sandwich” to boost wheat resistance to rust

Researchers at Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) have led an international effort to develop wheat plants with a stronger and potentially more durable level of resistance against rust diseases by “stacking” five resistance genes together. This novel approach of building multiple layers of protection will make it …

University of Florida study uncovers vanilla DNA mystery

University of Florida scientists led by tropical plant geneticist Dr. Chambers co-led the generation of a “chromosome-scale” sequencing of vanilla DNA. Four vanilla species were sequenced from a collection of more than 300 varieties established at the Homestead research facility. The sequencing project provided genetic information that lays the groundwork …

Researchers map plant immune system

Researchers from John Innes Centre (JIC) have mapped out the plant immune system. The research provides a roadmap to plant immunity, with a focus on cell-surface and intracellular immune receptors. The review paper, published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, explains concepts of the plant immune system to readers from …

Russian biologists sequence Fusarium genome

Biologists from Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), St. Petersburg State University, and Federal Centre for Bast Fiber Crops teamed up to sequence and assemble the genome of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lini, a highly destructive fungal parasite causing Fusarium wilt. Fusarium wilt is a disease caused by various …

New biofortification method transforms leaves into nutrient stores

A study conducted at the Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics (CRAG) led by Manuel Rodriguez-Concepción proposes the controlled transformation of chloroplasts into chromoplasts. This patented technology opens new perspectives for the nutritional improvement of crops such as biofortification and for the sustainable production of carotenoids for the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, …

Photosynthetic Hacks Boost Yield and Conserve Water

Scientists from the University of Essex, through the research project Realizing Increased Photosynthetic Efficiency (RIPE) have resolved two major photosynthetic bottlenecks to boost plant productivity by 27 percent in real-world field conditions, according to a new study published in Nature Plants. The photosynthetic hack has also been shown to conserve …