Тhree pesticides harm bees, says EU food agency

The European food safety agency said on 28th of February that three pesticides currently partly banned in the EU pose a risk to wild bees and honey bees, in a long-awaited report. The report said “most uses” of the three neonicotinoid pesticides, which are based on the chemical structure of nicotine …

Aquaporin gene from apple increases size of fruits and tolerance to drought in tomato

Water deficit significantly reduces growth and production of apples and is detrimental to the quality and size of the fruits. For this reason, water use efficiency is essential when growing apples. An apple tree of good agricultural quality must be able to efficiently use and transport water, which not only …

A team of scientists developed new type of wheat with ten times higher fiber content

International team of researchers has successfully developed a new type of wheat containing 10 times more fiber than common wheat, which helps improve gut health and also fights bowel cancer and type 2 diabetes. The research team consists of experts from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), the …

Pioneering new technology set to accelerate the crop improvement

A new method called ‘speed breeding’ greatly shortens generation time and accelerates breeding and research programmes. The new  breeding platform developed by teams at the John Innes Centre, University of Queensland and University of Sydney, uses a glasshouse or an artificial environment with enhanced lighting to create intense day-long regimes to …

The future of crop engineering

Photosynthesis is the process underlying all plant growth. Scientists aim to boost photosynthesis to meet the increasing global demand for food by engineering its key enzyme Rubisco. Now, researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry have succeeded in producing functional plant Rubisco in a bacterium. This allows genetic engineering …

A newly discovered gene confers resistance to the Ug99 strain causing stem rust in wheat

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, led by Professor Jorge Dubcovsky, have recently discovered gene conferring resistance to the Ug99 strain of wheat stem rust that has caused significant losses in recent years in North Africa and Asia, becoming a world-wide threat. Wheat is essential for feeding humanity, and …

What makes soil, soil? Researchers find hidden clues in DNA

Researchers at the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) and The University of Manchester, UK, are using DNA sequencing to unlock the secrets of the world’s different soils and, for the first time, analysing ecological patterns and microbial communities on a global scale. The research team, made up of 36 scientists …

Pumpkin genomes sequenced, revealing uncommon evolutionary history

Cucurbita crops are used as a staple food in many developing countries and are consumed all over the world. Scientists at Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI), USA and National Engineering Research Center for Vegetables, China have sequenced the genomes of two important pumpkin species, Cucurbita maxima and Cucurbita moschata. The finished genomes appear in …