Barley genome sequenced

A group of 77 scientists worldwide have sequenced the complete genome of barley, a key ingredient in beer and single malt Scotch. The research, 10 years in the making, was recently published in the journal Nature. Barley is grown throughout the world, with Russia, Germany, France, Canada, and Spain being …

Tea tree genome contains clues about how one leaf produces so many flavors

The most popular varieties of tea—including black tea, green tea, Oolong tea, white tea, and chai—all come from the leaves of the evergreen shrub Camellia sinensis, otherwise known as the tea tree. Despite tea’s immense cultural and economic significance, relatively little is known about the shrub behind the tea leaves. …

Rice expressing mutant forms of GA 2-oxidase shows increased yield and tolerance to stress conditions

Optimizing plant architecture to increase yield, stress tolerance, and water use efficiency (WUE) is a major challenge for modern agricultural biotechnology. Gibberellins are growth hormones known to be directly related to plant height and tillering, which in turn are directly related to grain yield in cereals. GA 2-oxidase is a …

Sequencing the genome of the resurrecting plant Xerophyta viscosa – new guidelines for the development of drought-tolerant crops

International consortium led by a team from Wageningen University and Research – Netherlands, sequenced the genome of the resurrecting plant Xerophyta viscosa, which is capable to survive long periods of extreme drought conditions. Resurrecting plants are a group of species representatives of different genera which are distinguished by their ability …