An entire botanical garden of genomes

An article published recently in the Open-Access journal GigaScience provides data that effectively triples the number of plant species with available genome data. This mammoth amount of work comes on the back of the growing efforts of the scientific community to sequence more plant genomes to aid in understanding their …

Tomato plant aroma to protect crops

Tomato plants emit an aroma in order to ward off bacterial attacks. This volatile compound is hexenyl butyrate (HB), and according to testing by researchers at the Institute for Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology, Spain, it has great potential for protecting crops from infections, drought, etc. The finding has been …

Plant hormone makes space farming a possibility

With scarce nutrients and weak gravity, growing potatoes on the moon or on other planets seems unimaginable. But the plant hormone strigolactone could make it possible, plant biologists from the University of Zurich have shown. The hormone supports the symbiosis between fungi and plant roots, thus encouraging plants’ growth—even under …

Kiwifruit duplicated its vitamin C genes twice

Today’s kiwifruit contains about as much vitamin C as an orange. Its genome revealed that this extra boost in vitamin C is the result of the fruit’s ancestors’ spontaneously duplicating their DNA in two separate evolutionary events approximately 50-57 million and 18-20 million years ago. The kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) genome …

The wheat code is finally cracked

Recently in the international journal Science, the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) published a detailed description of the genome of bread wheat, the world’s most widely cultivated crop. This work will pave the way for the production of wheat varieties better adapted to climate challenges, with higher yields, enhanced …

The chloroplast genome sequence of bittersweet

Information about the organization and evolution of plastomes is crucial to improve crop plants and to resolve the phylogeny of photosynthetic organisms. In a recent study published in PLoS ONE researchers of the Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, sequenced the chloroplast genome of a weed called bittersweet …

Bulgarian connection in disclosure of the ethylene’s key role in plant tissues growth! Can the plants say “My epidermis is too tight! …. I should decrease the ethylene or to stop growing!”

Recently, one of the highest ranking scientific journals – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (PNAS) published a paper on the key role of the plant hormone ethylene for the growth of the plants. First author of the publication b y the group of Dr. Dominique …