Aquaporin gene from apple increases size of fruits and tolerance to drought in tomato

Water deficit significantly reduces growth and production of apples and is detrimental to the quality and size of the fruits. For this reason, water use efficiency is essential when growing apples. An apple tree of good agricultural quality must be able to efficiently use and transport water, which not only …

A team of scientists developed new type of wheat with ten times higher fiber content

International team of researchers has successfully developed a new type of wheat containing 10 times more fiber than common wheat, which helps improve gut health and also fights bowel cancer and type 2 diabetes. The research team consists of experts from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), the …

Pioneering new technology set to accelerate the crop improvement

A new method called ‘speed breeding’ greatly shortens generation time and accelerates breeding and research programmes. The new  breeding platform developed by teams at the John Innes Centre, University of Queensland and University of Sydney, uses a glasshouse or an artificial environment with enhanced lighting to create intense day-long regimes to …

A newly discovered gene confers resistance to the Ug99 strain causing stem rust in wheat

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, led by Professor Jorge Dubcovsky, have recently discovered gene conferring resistance to the Ug99 strain of wheat stem rust that has caused significant losses in recent years in North Africa and Asia, becoming a world-wide threat. Wheat is essential for feeding humanity, and …

Development of seedless tomatoes based on parthenocarpy and the application of genome editing with CRISPR/Cas9

Parthenocarpy in horticultural crops is an important trait of considerable importance for various industries related to agriculture as well as food quality. A team of scientists led by Risa Ueta of the Tokushima University in Japan developed a strategy for breeding of parthenocarpy in tomato based on the CRISPR/Cas9 genome …

Plant geneticists develop a new application of CRISPR to break yield barriers in crops

Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), USA have harnessed the still untapped power of genome editing to improve agricultural crops. Using tomato as an example, they have mobilized CRISPR/Cas9 technology to rapidly generate variants of the plant that display a broad continuum of three separate, agriculturally important traits: fruit …

New oat variety helps reduce cholesterol

Researchers from the South Australian Research and Development Institute (SARDI) have created a new oat variety with high yield and increased beta glucan content. The new Kowari variety is of a dwarf-type, with an increased content of beta-glucan compared to other varieties. Beta glucans are natural sugar compounds that help …

A knockout mutation of SaF /SaM in rice overcomes male sterility in hybrids between indica and japonica

Development of hybrids between indica and japonica usually leads to male-sterile plants, making it difficult to use the heterosis effect for breeding. The locus Sa consists of two adjacent SaF and SaM genes that interact with each other and lead to pollen abortion in plants bearing the japonica allele in …